What Is Web Hosting? Everything You Need To Know As A Beginner & Experienced

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What is Web Hosting?

Are you curious to know about what is web hosting? Web hosting is a service provided by the web servers to let your website viewed by the people on the internet. Prior to making the website available on the internet, it is essential that any of the web hosts have provided webspace for the same.

A web host dedicatedly makes available a space on its server letting all the users view your website using their computers or phones by appropriate internet connectivity. 

There are probably thousands of web hosting services available at present. Some of the services are available to explore free of cost with a limited number of options. However, there exists a majority of exclusive services as well that are available by paying a fixed sum of amount every single year. 

Types of Web-Hosting Services:

Internet Service Providers (ISP):

They are generally easy to use and inexpensive. They include small free web space, along with the tools for creating and uploading the websites.

Free Web Hosting:

The service is available completely for free with a limited number of options.

Paid Hosting: 

The users pay a fixed sum of money to host their sites with a versatile range of advanced options. The fee ranges between a few dollars to thousands of dollars depending upon several criteria. 

Domain Hosting:

The service lets you host your site anywhere as per the requirements. You can go for an ISP, free web hosting service, or even your own server under the title.   

How Does Web Hosting Work? 

Web hosting works by allotting you a web space as per the requirements to host your site’s media, files, databases, or any other thing necessary to appropriately render your website. 

As we already know that our website is a dedicated collection of the versatile category of the files. Whenever we create our site, it is essential to store all the concerned files using a web space. 

Web hosting services provide us the web space for storing the site’s files and folders as per the requirements. The place is actually the server of the hosting companies. 

On this specific server or the web space, we dedicatedly store our online documents so that the people can easily view our site after giving the appropriate URL using their browsers. 

There are different web hosting plans depending upon the type of web services we choose. Depending upon our sites’ storage requirements, we can choose and proceed accordingly.  

After the process of choosing the plan, if the traffic of the sites and storage increases, we can scale up our requirements going up to renting an entire physical server. We can even use the resources of either, using the VPS, or the cloud server. 

Soon after signing up for the hosting package, we can instantly get web server access using a solution like cPanel. The services make it easy to upload the files on the web server. People even prefer choosing CMS like WordPress to build their site without any added hassles. 

What Are the Types of Webhosting?

There exists a versatile range of webhosting companies providing you a dedicated web space to host your site in the world of the internet. Depending upon the requirements, people prefer to choose a different type of webhosting based-on the provided web space and pricing.

Based on the business requirements, let us look at the different types of webhosting to host your site either at the beginner, or the advanced level:-

1. Shared Web Hosting:

Shared web hosting is perfectly suitable for the beginner level sites where the hosting space is available to your site like several other sites.

All the domains under the plan share similar server resources such as Central Processing Unit (CPU), Random Access Memory (RAM, and several others. 

As discussed above, due to the sharing of every single resource, the hosting plan becomes extremely low making it the best choice for the beginner level site owners.

Most importantly, the plan even comes forward with several helpful tools including WP Hosting, website builders, and e-mailing ability to the clients. 

The plan even meets the necessities of all those site owners who never receive a large amount of web traffic. The price of Shared Hosting varies in the range $1 to $20 per month.

2. Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting:

The hosting is perfect all those website owners who don’t necessarily require a dedicated server for their websites. The type of hosting is undoubtedly an ultimate middle ground between the dedicated, and the shared web servers. 

VPS Hosting is the top-rated choice of webmasters located all across the world. Despite the availability of numerous reasons for the same, the own web space inside the server assures the hosting of every single site. It is another matter that it even shares the physical server with the other users. The site owners enjoy the facility of more website space and customization options.

Despite the availability of the above features, the site performance is likely to get affected by the other sites on the same servers. It faces difficulty in handling an incredibly high amount of traffic during a particular time.   

3. Dedicated Web Server Hosting:

A dedicated server refers to renting one physical server from one web hosting company. You no need to worry about the other websites on the shared server utilizing your web resources and slowing down your site’s performance. 

A dedicated server is the top priority of webmasters willing to host their sites getting an enormous amounts of web traffic consistently. 

The price will comparatively be greater than the shared hosting plans. The costing of this type of web server will be the maximum and the webmasters will be able to afford the same with respect to the exceptional amount of web traffic. 

Maximum web traffic defines more income allowing the site owners to afford such a type of webhosting with ease.

The pricing to afford dedicated web server hosting goes in the range of $100 and even above. 

However, when you are planning to purchase a dedicated web server, you should also plan to hire a system administrator who understands the technicalities concerning the same.  

4. Cloud Hosting:

Cloud hosting is the latest technological advancement in the web hosting category where hundreds of individual servers integrate together to produce one single giant server. 

It works on the idea of self-expansion as per the requirements. As soon as the requirement grows, the hosting company keeps on adding more commodity hardware for putting forward an ever-larger cloud space. 

Cloud hosting is quite capable of facing an unpredictable and enormous amount of traffic rather than shutting or crashing down your site. The hosting solution is capable of working via a network enabling the organizations to grab the resources like a utility. 

Several servers utilize the resources and thereby reduce the chance of downtime due to malfunction of the server. The hosting category is scalable allowing you to manage the site over time.   

Cloud Hosting pricing depends on pay-for-what-you-use functionality. 

5. Reseller Web Hosting:

Reseller web hosting refers to a shared hosting account available with the additional tools and helping you resell your hosting space.

The dedicated features included under the plan are the availability of greater technical control, and billing software helping you invoice your clients. 

The plan even makes possible free website templates, white label technical support, and the private name servers. 

The facility of private name servers lets your clients imagine your company even much bigger than the current situation. It tells your clients to point their domain name servers (DNS) to ns1.yourwebdesignfirm.com.  

The package varies in the range $15 to $50 depending upon the availability of the features and resources. 

6. Colocation Web Hosting:

The collocation web hosting makes you eligible for renting a rack space from the data center. 

The users can bring their own server concerned hardware, letting them access the appropriate physical security, cooling, along with the dedicated internet uplink. 

The webhosting provides a feel of independence in terms of having own server hardware, software, backup procedures, data resources, and others.  

In case the hardware fails down, you have access to replace it and get back the server under the execution mode. 

However, you must be technically equipped with adequate knowledge of colocation server handling to purchase the web space without any doubts.   

7. Self Service Web Hosting

You are eligible for handling all the essential procedures associated with the server. The service allows you to buy the servers, install and configure the software, and makes sure that there are adequate power and strength inside the cooling room. 

The users are eligible for the self service of the server concerning the following essential features:-

  • Power with backup.
  • Appropriate cooling.
  • System administration.
  • Server hardware.
  • Data integrity and backup, and several others.

8. Managed WordPress Hosting:

We are already aware of the increasing popularity of WordPress for building up websites all around the world. 

Associating with the same, there exist one Managed WordPress Hosting as well where your hosting providers keep track of updating your WP installation as per the protocols. 

It even keeps the hackers away from hacking your site’s information and provides an advanced level of security.

All the above-mentioned types of webhosting cater to the requirements of the globally located users every single day. 

Pricing Plans for Web Hosting:

The pricing plan for web hosting depends upon the requirements of the individuals. Several web hosting companies are ready to serve your necessities with different web hosting costs

Let us discuss the web hosting comparisons and understand the needful: 

InterServer Web Hosting:

The plan offers a dynamic and refreshing approach to start a business online. The web hosting cost starts only at $0.01 per month. 

Hostinger Web Hosting Prices:

The company provide the customers with a bunch of extra features keeping the prices comparatively low.  The cost starts only at $2.15 to serve your needs. 

Bluehost Web Hosting 

The Bluehost web hosting price at $2.95 only and provides the users shared hosting with a lot of features. Check the full details here.

iPage Web Hosting: 

The company provides a long list of ad-ons along with web builder tools, and thousands of responsive templates. The costing starts initially at $1.99 only.

A2 Web Hosting: 

The price starts at $3.92 only and provides the additional features of well-optimized sites’ loading time. Under the package, you can even avail unlimited storage, one website, and cPanel control panel. 

In addition to the above, HostGator’s web hosting is available initially at $2.64, Google’s at $45, and Amazon web hosting at $77 only. 

Difference Between Domain Name and Web Hosting:

The domain name and web hosting differs completely in the following aspects:-

A domain name is synonymous with the website’s address in the world of the internet. Whatever the website we build, it requires an address in the form of a URL so that the people can type it on the browser’s address bar and get the site. Without the domain, we cannot locate the site using our browser.

Whereas a web hosting, or web host, or the web server explains the place where our site’s files, folders, and other documents are there. The web hosting is available in front of us by the means of web hosting companies after choosing a specific plan as per our necessities.

Without a domain name, we cannot type a request in the form of a URL to receive the output as the desired web page. 

However, web hosting cannot have relevance without the availability of the domain name. Only after the occurrence of the domain name, there exists a web hosting chance.

Domain names are comparatively cheaper than the web hosting plans. We can purchase both the domain name, as well as the web hosting from the same company if desired. 

The web hosting prices are slightly higher than the domain name registration. Domain name vs web hosting are entirely different concepts in terms of website building.  

Web Hosting – Free vs Paid:

There exist numerous points of difference between the free and the paid web hosting:-

  1. Free web hosting includes a sub-domain along with the URL for your website. The approach seems extremely unprofessional and appears like www.abc.subdomain.com.  Whereas, the paid web hosting charges a small sum of amount in lieu of the multiple sets of features unlike the free web hosting. The URL appears professional, and looks like www.abc.com.Free hosting is available with limited speed most of the times. It thereby increases the risk of losing your valuable customers. However, the paid hosting plan never restricts to speed, and you get a top-notch speed being a paid customer. 
  2. Your free web hosting makes your customers feel irritated with several unwanted advertisements in between their valuable tasks. However, the paid web hosting is available without the appearance of advertisements making your customers inclined towards your site for hours. 
  3. There is no option of using the personalized customer service while opting for the free web hosting plan. You are taken straight forward to the FAQ page in case of such requirement. Whereas, the paid web hosting lets you access the feature of personalized customer service as and when essential. It even guides you about the technicalities of the services. 

Difference Between Web Hosting and Web Publishing:

  1. Web hosting refers to a service available under the name of internet hosting. It provides sever hosting space for different kinds of websites. However, web publishing refers to the particular type of organizations responsible for designing and deployment of the websites to the different web servers. 
  2. Web publishing is available in terms of publishing the contents on the site as per the requirements. It may be in terms of publishing a blog post, developing a website, or the other needful materials. However, after getting the web hosting to host our site’s documents by the concerned company, we can get access to publish our contents online.
  3. The needful steps under web hosting include the ways to host a website, testing the site, and providing connectivity to the host. However, web publishing refers to the steps including securing a domain name, uploading the web pages, website testing, link validation, site promotion, and others.   
  4. Soon after getting the hosting plan, we are eligible for web publishing without any issues. Without the web hosting, we can never get an access to publish the contents in the form of website contents, blog posts, or the others. Both are interdependent on the individual sets of protocols.  

How to Host a Website?

The primary step to start a website is moving forward with the domain name and the best web hosting provider. The hosting provider plays a crucial role in hosting a website by providing a web space to store the concerned files and folders. 

You can purchase the domain, and web hosting from several such companies including Bluehost, HostGator, GoDaddy, and others. 

The following steps dedicatedly explain the strategy of hosting a website effectively:-

Step 1: Deciding the Category of Website

Static or Basic Website

These are the simplest website category having one or more HTML pages. Such sites are ready for preparation using the personal computer, or laptop and upload the web pages to your host’s server by the use of any available FTP software like FileZilla. 

Dynamic Website

These websites are full of information that keeps on changing depending upon the viewer, and other several factors. For the purpose of creating and updating the content, both the client and server side scripts functions. Such sites works conveniently having a dependency on CMS, allowing for the direct add, or edit of the content. Blogs, Forums, e-commerce sites, are the famous examples of such sites. 

Step 2: Selecting the Appropriate Hosting Server

Unlike the static HTML sites, the web applications are ready for hosting basically on two different kinds of hosting platforms. These are:

Linux Hosting

Linux hosting permits the all the running scripts written in the languages including Perl, Python, PHP, and other types of languages originating from Unix. Such hosting platform is the basis of most of the globally-renowned websites in use today. They generally support MySQL, and PostgreSQL databases. 

Windows Hosting

Windows hosting permits the successful execution of all the ASP scripts executing over .NET, and Microsoft Technologies. They dedicatedly support Access, and SQL server for databases.

Step 3: Selection of the Web Hosting Plan

As discussed above, there are versatile categories of web hosting to choose from including the following:-

Shared Hosting

You are here to share your physical server with the other website owners. Despite the same, you are ready to access your own personalized account for diverse sets of procedures. 

The login, password, and other credentials will be ready for you in the shared hosting. The hosting is extremely affordable for the site owners due to the facility of sharing the server. 

VPS Hosting

The VPS hosting permits every single site’s hosting on a very powerful server divided into further compartments. Every single unit functions independently on the VPS hosting owing to the separate configuration of the server software.

Such a hosting is the first choice of the individuals having the greatest level of security concerns. It provides a value for money, and meets up the level of our expectations.

Dedicated Hosting

You become the owner of the entire server by opting for the dedicated server. As a result, you are here to access a costlier yet more secured server for the web hosting purposes.  

The hosting is ultimately a greatest solution for the high traffic websites, and extremely larger businesses. You feel maximized level of customization, flexibility, and others. 

Cloud Hosting

Multiple virtual servers function via the cloud web hosting. It further allows to work together for the purpose of hosting a group of websites, or even a single website. Over hundreds of individual servers integrates together to produce a one single giant server. 

The websites whose hosting is favored via cloud webhosting have an exceptional ability to handle sudden traffic hikes. Moreover, the dependency is never on a single server, and can shrink, or expand dynamically as per the necessities. 

The biggest websites including the e-commerce sites, blogs, news sites, and others uses the facility of cloud hosting for uninterrupted services. 

Step 4: Changing the DNS Address:

As soon as you purchase the web hosting, you will be able to access the name servers. These are the domain name servers (DNS) containing the IP addresses.

In order to put your site on the stage of execution, you need to change the name servers of the domain using the following list of steps:-

  • Step 1: Switch on to the domain control panel by clicking on the available option using the link. 
  • Step 2: Enter the already registered e-mail ID and password. 
  • Step 3: Among the available list, click on the specific domain name on which you need to change the name servers.
  • Step 4: Click on the Name Servers option under the section of the domain registration. 
  • Step 5: You are now ready to replace the existing name servers by clicking on the option ‘Update Name Servers’.  

Step 5: Website Uploading:

You are now ready to upload your website to your available account by connecting the same with the server. Hey! You can use the option of ‘File Manager’ under the cPanel, or the FTP client. After the process, your site will go live in the world of the internet.

Process to Upload the Website Using the cPanel File Manager Option:

  • Step 1: Login to the available cPanel, and click on the File Manager icon. 
  • Step 2: Select the option Web Root, and click on the Go button.
  • Step 3: You are now ready to add all the files and folders under public_html, and all the concerned domain folders.

WProcess to Upload the Website Using the Option of FTP Client:

  • Step 1: Install FileZila, open the same, choose File menu and select Site Manager option.
  • Step 2: Click on New Site option.
  • Step 3: Name the new site associating with your real domain name. 
  • Step 4: Go ahead with the process and enter the site’s IP address in the field with FTP address. 
  • Step 5: You will receive a username and password which you need to enter accordingly. 
  • Step 6: You should set the port to 21 as the FTP always executes on port 21.
  • Step 7: Click on the option ‘Connect’. 

Conclusion:

To sum up, there exist vital importance web hosting in the world of internet to build-up your online identity. 

Either you are running an online e-commerce store, knowledge sharing blog, educational websites, or the others, you cannot move even a single step without opting for the web hosting services. 

After getting the same as per the requirements, you can effectively develop your online presence and globalize your brand image

Go through the information in detail, and avail the unique information under the various titles concerning the broad topic.  The essential information will let you understand every single concept of the web hosting without any difficulties. 

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